Miti ni madini

Impacts Of Deforestation Varies By Latitude

Source: http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112424671/impacts-of-deforestation-varies-by-latitude/

Do we know how little or big the  human activities we involve ourselves with affect our eco- system in a diverse way? I remember the words of His Excellency Daniel Arap Moi common phrase ” kata mti mmoja panda miwili”. Does that ring a bell in your mind? I presume so as we contextualize the above quote.

As humanity is the high time to recognize the value of resources at disposal by not only caring for them but even going a step further by guarding them as our most valued assets. Am talking about our Trees. we think cutting of trees and selling of charcoal will help us end poverty NO!! and we expect climate change not to be our partner in crime?why don’t we embrace other sources of fuel or rather other sources of earning money instead of degrading our environment.

These are my pointers as environmental activists to encourage us to embrace environmental sustainability:

  • To protect our planet’s natural resources and climate for our future generations.
  • To implement the agenda via a solid global partnership program
  • To ensure prosperity and fulfilling lives in harmony with nature.

Mumo.

Mtetezi wa Mazingira

 

YOUNG ENTREPRENEUR IN THE AGRI- SPACE.

Agriculture plays a significant role in Kenya’s economy accounting for 32.9% of Gross Domestic Product with an estimated 75% of Kenya’s 46 million population involved in some agricultural activity and 75% operating much below average yields with 40% to 50% productivity levels. A study done by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) shows that over 70% of all food is produced by rural small holders farmers embracing knowledge based farming and drifting from traditional farm practices in order to meet the demands of the burgeoning population.

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Brian Bosire an Agripreneur founded Ujuzi Kilimo an Agri- Tec enterprise based in Nairobi Kenya with an innovation revolving around using sensors and aid analytics to provide precision farming technologies to small scale farmers to enable them embrace technology driven farming hence be able to increase their yields and reduce risks of the farm. The concept revolves around re-inventing traditional concept of soil testing by providing services on location with a turnaround time in 3.5 minutes opening a line of communication with sending recommendations including crop breed, inputs required, pest control options, nearby markets and send to farmers through their mobile phones inform of an SMS. In the next 3 years the company is set to reach 200,000 farmers in Kenya.

The device uses light, temperature and ion selective sensors to detect and measure sol macronutrients. Sensors produce electrical signals that are conditioned to show exact amount of specific ions/ nutrients present in the soil sample by measuring soil PH, salinity, NPK and moisture.

Ujuzi Kilimo founder saw several gaps in the Kenyan Agricultural market including : lack of knowledge in Agricultural practices, need for new technology, lack of access to market information in terms of prices, buyers and markets, lack of accurate weather information, farmers financial exclusion and supply chain inefficiencies among others.

Ujuzi Kilimo has received business management skills through a workshop organized by NETFUND in September 2016 where focus was on innovation and technology for environmental sustainability. He also received training on developing a business model and testing his kit viability in the Agri-business market. In addition he has also received first investment support grant and in the near future Netfund is planning an investors forum to link him with potential investors for purposes of growing his business idea.

 

 

Lake Turkana wind project in the culmination stage- clean Energy

The population of Africa is projected to quadruple to about 4 billion in 2100 driving the global population past 11 billion. Producing energy which all these people would use could hinder any efforts we are now making to better climate change. But this burgeoning population is also a tremendous opportunity because all power plants to cater for electricity for all these people haven’t been built yet. This means humanity is now being presented with a once in our species chance to make our fastest growing area leap frog the dirty fuels of the past instead of embracing the renewable energy for the future.

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The Turkana Wind Power project is the single largest private investment in Kenya. It stretches across 40,000 acres in the Northern part of Kenya. The 1st phase is already complete with 120 out of 365 wind turbines up and running. The rest will be complete by July 2017. This puts Kenya on the map in the renewable energy with the plant producing 310 MW the largest in Africa so far. The wind farm cost around 680 million USD and will provide cheap, clean and reliable wind power to the national grid and 18% of Kenya’s current electricity generating capacity power bought will be at a fixed price by Kenya power for over 20 years.

 

The project owners have established the winds of change foundation which sees a portion of revenue put in improving the livelihoods of communities in the area. Currently they have built a health facility and organized several CSR activities. One of the members of the project says “one of the things that can help developing nations get the infrastructure they need is to use the resources that exist in the country. The wind is free, is here and it’s yours and we are trying to turn it to cheap, reliable, environmentally friendly electricity. Over 500 community members are part of the human resource to the company.

Kenya is grappling with growing demand for power and it already relies heavily on renewables such as geothermal and hydropower. Harnessing Kenya’s wind will give its supply a much needed boost given that the country targets building a clean energy economy.

 

Trump clamor on Paris Climate change Accord.

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Climate change is undeniable, unstoppable, the next possible threat to all humanity and climate solutions provide opportunities that are unmatchable. It is changing our daily lives and its global and everyone is affected and if we do nothing it will impact negatively on our future generations. United States President Donald Trump announced his decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris agreement. The current poll conducted indicated that 61% of the Americans insisted on remaining in the deal and more than 400 U.S. cities, 37 states, 800 universities and almost half of all fortune 500 companies have already set their own clean energy and emissions targets I do respect his decision but it is a nightfall mistake both for U.S. and for our planet. Other countries like Syria and Nicaragua also decided not to be part of the treaty.

The Paris agreement was an agreement of states saying what they can do voluntarily. It was an accord signed by leaders of 195 countries in 2016 with the aim of cutting greenhouse gas emissions. The accord aims at:

  • keeping the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius
  • Pursuing efforts to limit temperature increase to 1.5oc
  • By 2020 rich countries must contribute 100 billion USD a year
  • Ensuring that 55 countries that account for 55% of global emissions ratify.

Barack Obama said “even as this administration joins a small handful of nations that reject the future I am confident that our states, cities and businesses will step up and do even more to lead the way and help protect for future generations the one planet we’ve got. Some foreign policy experts who have worked in the Republican administration feel this decision now could have the great diminishing effect on U.S. influence in the world. China felt that “a reckless withdrawal from climate deal will waste increasingly finite U.S. diplomatic resources and its selfishness irresponsibility will be made clear to the world, crippling the country’s world leadership”. Geopolitical positons for countries like China it is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases currently. It has made commitments in reducing dependence on coal and investing heavily on renewable energy and green infrastructure and it would be happy to throw its weight around on the global state.

I wish to tell the U.S. government on behalf of France that the world believes in you. I know you are a great nation. To all scientists and responsible cities who were disappointed by the decision of the U.S. president we welcome you to Paris to work with us on realizing the concrete solutions to climate, environment. France won’t give up the fight. The Paris agreement is irreversible and will be implemented not just by France but by all other nations whenever we live, wherever we are we all share the same responsibility of making our planet great again.

Key facts on climate change

  • 10% come from to fossil fuel production
  • 25% is on electricity and heat production
  • 24% land use
  • 21% industry related
  • 14% transportation
  • 6% heating and cooling

Source: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/06/170602051722262.html

World Environment Day unknown Facts

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  1. World environment day was established by UN general assembly in 1972.
  2. It is celebrated every year on June 5 to raise awareness to protect the nature.
  3. In 2017, the theme is “connecting people to nature”.
  4. More than 100 countries are involved in the public outreach holiday.
  5. UN reports that at the current rate of population growth, human kind will need 3 planets to sustain itself by the year 2050.
  6. 27,000 trees are cut down each day so we can we can have toilet paper.
  7. 14 billion pounds of trash is dumped into the ocean every year.
  8. At least 50 million acres of rainforest are lost every year.
  9. We can save 75000 trees if we recycled the paper used on the daily run.
  10. Everyday 50 to 100 species of plants and animals become extinct.
  11. Average temperature will increase by 12oc by end of 21 century.
  12. Plastic is responsible for killing more than 100,000 marine turtles every year.
  13. As a result of water pollution 15,000 people die daily.
  14. Yearly air pollution in cities causes 2 million premature deaths.
  15. 84% of all household waste can be recycled.
  16. Each person throws away approximately 4 pounds of garbage per day.
  17. Each year we add 6 to 8 billion tons of Co2 to the atmosphere.
  18. Recycling one ton of plastic saves equivalent of 1000 to 2000 gallons of gasoline.
  19. Recycling one aluminum can save enough electricity to run a TV for 3 hours.

Source:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tj0Z4RQuIC8

THE BLUE WHALE FACTS

 

Brace yourselves for a big ocean adventure, gang, with our brilliant blue whale facts. And by ‘big’, we in fact mean absolutely ginormous!
blue whale facts

Fast blue whale facts

Scientific name: Balaenoptera musculus
Phylum: Chordata
Family: Balaenidae
Classification: Mammal
IUCN status: Endangered
Lifespan (in wild): 80-90 years
Weight: More than 130,000kg
Body size: 30m long
Diet: Carnivore
Habitat: Ocean
Range:
blue whale facts

1) The largest animals to have ever lived on Earth, blue whales can grow to over 30m long and weigh more than 130,000kg – that’s longer than three buses and heavier than three lorries!

2) Pretty much everything about the blue whale is massive. It’s tongue weighs as much as an elephant, its heart is the size of a car and its blood vessels are so wide you could swim through them!

3) These blue-grey giants have a long, stream-lined body, a wide head, huge flippers, a powerful tail and a small dorsal fin. Some individuals have a yellowy-coloured underside, giving rise to the nickname ‘sulphur bottom’ whales.

4) Blue whales can be found in all of our planet’s oceans, except the Arctic, usually swimming alone or in groups of two to four. But in areas where there’s lots of food available, as many as 60 whales may come together.

blue whale facts

5) Despite their humongous size, blue whales eat tiny shrimp-like crustaceans called krill. But they shift a fair few of these seafood snacks – up to 40 million each day, in fact!

6) These marine marvels are a species of ‘baleen’ whale. Instead of teeth, they have baleen, a fibrous material used to filter their food. When eating, the whale lets a huge volume of water and krill into its mouth. It then pushes the water through its 300-400 baleen plates, which trap the tasty grub to be swallowed. Gulp!

7) To communicate with each other, blue whales make a series of super-loud vocal sounds. Their calls are the loudest of any creature on the planet, in fact, and can be heard underwater for hundreds of kilometres.

8) These awesome aquatic animals follow a seasonal migration pattern. During the feeding season, they fill up on krill in cold polar waters. They then travel to warmer, tropical waters to mate and give birth.

blue whale facts

9) At birth, blue whale calves measure around 8m long and weigh a massive 4,000kg! They grow quickly, too – for seven to eight months, these bulky babies suckle on their mother’s rich, fatty milk, and gain around 90kg each day!

10) Sadly, in the late 19th early 20th century, blue whales were heavily hunted. And despite a global hunting ban in 1966, their population has declined by 70-90 percent in the past 150 years. With only 10,000-25,00 left in the wild, these magnificence marine mammals are today classified as an endangered species.

SOURCE: https://www.natgeokids.com/za/discover/animals/sea-life/10-blue-whale-facts/

waste management improves livelihoods in Trans Nzoia County.

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Kitale is a town of 220,000 inhabitants, capital of the Trans nzoia district located in the Rift Valley Province. the economy of Trans Nzoia district relies heavily on agriculture and contributes significantly to the national agricultural production and food supply. Kitale is an important market town and commercial hub for the district. most of the residents are farmers involved in subsistence agricultural and horticultural activities. However, livelihood opportunities remain limited especially for some sectors of the population such as women and young people. this leads to insufficient incomes,inadequate housing conditions, lack of food security and access to clean water and energy and broadened social inequalities.

Following increased waste accumulation in Kitale town and its outskirts, David Nginge through their Community based Organization (DAJOPEN) came up with the idea of recycling waste in order to clean the environment and to enhance group members’ livelihood opportunities. This was after attending workshop facilitated by the Ministry of Agriculture and a Kenyan NGO. Today members collect waste locally or buy it from street families, in order to produce and sell recycled items.

DAJOPEN is an innovative organization in various ways including the fact that it is both production and service orientated to the community regarding the training component. Moving on, it also develops, produces and promotes innovative, affordable and sustainable products that improve vulnerable populations’ living conditions in an integrated manner seeking to tackle environmental problems and urban waste problems considering the socio-economic issues of the community. The entire entrepreneurial project is community-initiated and community-driven, including the scaling up and transfer strategies.

DAJOPEN products include roofing and floor tiles made out of recycled plastic, baskets, mats and ropes made of plastic bags; jewelry and briquettes made of paper waste; water filters made of saw dust mixed with clay; fencing posts; organic fertilizers, liquid fertilizers and biocides made of bio-degradable waste materials.

In 2014, the team won the 2nd place of NETFUND GIA under the CBO category which grossed him an entry into NETFUND up scaling programme and later joined NETFUND incubation programme as well. The enterprise also received a decomposing machine from NETFUND which has enabled them to Increase their productivity from 10 tons to 40 tons per season.  Their products have also been analyzed for quality against the Kenyan standards. There has been also a tremendous revenue increase from the sales of the fertilizer from an initial monthly average of KES 20,000 to a monthly average of KES 42,000. Increase in production has also attracted more local farms in the county as key customers boosting the number from 24 to 5o as well as increasing the number of bags of maize from 10 to 38 bags per an acre.

Following the efforts to alleviate poverty, 30 members of the group, including women and young people, benefit from enhanced income generating opportunities and from a cleaner habitat, as well as being empowered to transform their own living conditions. The innovation offers job opportunities to the street families who are benefitting from collecting and selling paper wastes to the group. Similarly, the group has enhanced an integrated impact on the social, economic and environmental conditions of the affiliated groups by selling to them the products and providing training.

So far, approximately 3,000 individual farmers and further 18,000 members of 46 farmers’ groups have been trained through the group. Policy makers, government officials, students and non-governmental institutions with whom the DWM group has collaborated have developed an enhanced awareness of community-led development processes, as well as of environmental, socio-economic and organic farming issues.

The project has environmental management at the core of their operations. The fact that it relies entirely on the re-use of locally available materials, it has directly contributed to changing vulnerable community members’ behaviors regarding waste management and fostered sustainable lifestyles. The project approach also works to achieve a wider environmental impact, as collecting and recycling waste leads to a significant decrease in air, soil and water stream contamination, as well as to the preservation of the local fauna and flora. In addition, the use of recycled construction items and alternative energy sources contributes to decreasing deforestation rates, whilst the dissemination of organic farming methods counters the degradation of agricultural soils on a country-wide scale.

It is crystal clear that waste materials represent readily available resources which local communities and farmers can productively tap into. Their recycling contributes to improving vulnerable communities’ conditions in a comprehensive manner, enabling them to jointly address environmental, economic and social issues.

The sawdust briquettes

Sawdust Briquettes

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sawdust briquettes dried before packaging.

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Are you aware that sawdust can be utilized as a raw material to make charcoal? Yes, at Pak Fab Briquettes this is an opportunity in environmental sustainability and economic empowerment. On average sawdust accounts for about 12% of mill residues generated by sawmills. It is a suitable primary raw material for making charcoal briquettes.

Paul Kairu discovered that industries used a lot of money to run their boilers since they used firewood, bio diesel and other forms of energy which were highly toxic. He therefore discovered that there was a need to reduce Co2 emissions and deforestation as a result of cutting trees for firewood and agricultural waste which was plenty. This was an opportunity as the waste was degradable and acted as a source of biomass.

Pak Fab used to produce an average of 500 kilograms to 1 ton of briquettes but as a result of intervention by NETFUND. Kairu got an automated machine which produces between 5-10 tons per day tons per day translating to 240 tons per month. The cost of production of one kilogram is 6.5 Kenya shillings and records ksh5.5 per kg profit translating to 45.8% net profit margin.

His clientele range from industries with large boilers and schools with a large capacity of students. His dream is to target large institutions with a capacity of 500 to 3000 students as charcoal use in these institutions is high.